How To Prevent Periodontal Disease in Dogs

Periodontal disease in your pet can be preventable. By following a strict dental routine, every pet parent can easily keep their canine’s teeth healthy and happy.

“From day one, your dog should visit the vet for a health check at least once a year. Your pet’s checkup can be scheduled to coincide with his annual booster vaccinations, saving him the stress of an extra trip to the clinic.

A dental and oral health check will form part of this annual review. The dental check will allow your vet to highlight any potential problems that may be brewing and treat them accordingly, thus helping to prevent canine periodontal disease.” Check out Dr. James Anthony’s article here, to learn more about how you can prevent periodontal disease in your pet.

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Understanding Dog Collar Types and Styles

Dog collars are an essential accessory for dogs. They allow every pet owner to have control of your dog while you walk him (with the aid of a leash, of course).
It is also common knowledge that there are kinds of collars based on materials used, embellishments and, probably most importantly, function.
If you already do know the kinds, you could read through this article and correct me if I’m wrong. If you don’t, I’m here for you.

Now, I’ll be telling you the kinds of collars based on what I consider the most important category of all: function.

Basic Collars

There are different kinds of basic collars
Basic collars are your all day everyday collars. They are the collars your dog can wear. They also go by the names: flat collars and regular collars.

All basic collars have a leash ring for you to attach a leash or lead to. The idea is for you to be able to walk or lead your dog safely. The leash ring could be a D Ring or an O ring.

However, whatever shape it takes, it is more often than not made of metal.

Now aside from being used to lead the wearer, basic collars are usually worn to carry the wearer’s identity. Some basic collars have a special provision for identification.

They feature a ring (usually plastic) on which you can hang your dog’s ID tag. Others do not have this ring, so you’ll have to make do with the leash ring. Yet, others carry the wearer’s information on themselves (I’ll explain later).

Regular collars are more often made of nylon. However, you could also commonly find basic collars made out of leather and polyester and less made out of velvet.

Personalized Collars

These are collars that carry information on themselves. You know, like a tag collar. Some have information embroidered on, others have information engraved. I’ve even seen one with the information imprinted on a plastic tag that is removable.

Embellished Collars

These collars have all kinds of assortments on them for decoration or, sometimes, protection against the attack of other animals. Embellished collars include collars like studded collars, spike collars and collars with flower embellishments.

Training Collars

As the name implies, dogs are trained with these collars. Now, because dogs have a lot of training needs, there are kinds of training collars. Let’s do this:

Walk Training Collars

I call these collars “walk-training collars” because it’s easier to teach dogs not to pull on their leashes as they walk. They include:

Martingale

This is generally considered to be the most humane kind of training collars. The idea of this collar is that pulling on it causes it to tighten. This way, if your dog tries to pull on the collar, he gets uncomfortable enough to stop.

The reason a martingale is considered more humane is because there is a limit to how tight they can get. This way, they don’t pose choking hazards.

Choke Collars

These collars are like the ‘inhumane’ version of a martingale. More often than not, they are metal.

Any kind of pressure that your pet puts on the leash, it causes the collar to tighten around their neck. However, there is no limit to how tight these collars can get. I would never recommend this.

Pinch/Prong Collars

Pinch/Prong collars have poking points. Pressure also causes these collars to tighten. Thereby, causing the prongs to dig into the wearer’s skin. The idea is for the collar to cause enough discomfort that the wearer behaves himself.
Some prong collars come with rubber stoppers to cushion the effect of the pinch, others do not. This is another dicey collar option, and its best to avoid these without rubber stoppers.

Head Collars

Some brands call these Haltis while others call them Gentle Leaders. Whatever the name, these collars are worn around a dog’s snout, kinda like a muzzle.

But unlike muzzles, these collars do not cover the wearer’s snout. He is able to pant, eat, and drink as much as he wants.
The idea behind this collar is that dogs will go wherever their heads lead. This gives you more control to where his head goes.

Bark Control Collars

Dogs are taught proper bark behavior using these collars. The collars give off certain types of correction mode when they detect bark sounds coming from the wearer.
The corrections are usually automatically administered in ascending order of intensity. Now, I like to classify bark control collars into these:

Shock (Static) Collars

These use shock as a means of correction. Most times, these collars also feature other correction modes like vibration and warning tones.

So the collars begin to administer correction with the least intense mode (warning tone) and only progresses if the wearer continues barking. Shock collars are somewhat inhumane. Delivering jolts of electricity however little to your own dog? That’s just wrong and it’s never the answer.

No Shock Collars

These just make use of vibration and warning tones. No shock at all. This is trying to be more humane than shock collars, I guess.

Citronella Spray Collars

These collars do not administer any of the above modes of correction. They contain what citronella liquid. Do not replace the citronella liquid with water.

So, when the collars detect bark sounds coming from the wearer, they spray the citronella fluid into the face of the wearer. Not to worry, the fluid is safe for dogs.

Other Training Collars

Other training collars that do not fall into any of the categories mentioned above are usually used to teach dogs obedience.

These collars are usually remote controlled so the trainer is responsible for when the correction modes are administered. They could either be shock collars or no shock collars.

These collars include electronic fencing systems, also called invisible fencing. Electronic fencing systems are used to teach the wearer boundaries. They are also called invisible fencing because the line of demarcation (which is electronic) is buried underground.

I recommend that you get the go-ahead from your veterinarian and or dog trainer before you decide to get your dog a training collar. The reason is that a good number of them are potentially hazardous and need to be handled with care.

Your veterinarian or dog trainer should tell you if your dog is in need of one, and they can recommend the best one for your pooch.

Medical Collars

These include collars that dogs have to wear for medical reasons. They should only be worn based on a veterinarian’s prescription, just like regular medications.

E-Collars

These are also called Elizabethan Collars or Cone Collars. They look like hollowed out cones and worn around the neck.

E-Collars are usually worn by dogs who have injuries on their heads or their bodies. The idea of these collars is to restrict the wearer’s head movement and not aggravate or contaminate whatever injury he has.

Flea And Tick Control Collars

These collars contain substances that get rid of and prevent fleas and ticks. They are not everlasting. They usually have a time limit of about 8 months max.

These collars are very sensitive and should not be anywhere near a human’s eyes, mouth, or skin. So you should wear gloves when handling them. A flea and tick collar should not be paired with any other type of flea and tick control.

Inflatable Pillow Collars

These Pillow Collars restrict the wearer’s neck movements too. And some people prefer them because they do not obstruct their pup’s view.

However, they are used to restrain the Houdinis. The collars prevent the wearer from being able to slip through slim spaces.

Cooling Collars

These collars are used during the summer months to help your dog cool down. Some can be filled with water, or soaked in water and then frozen. And some come in specialized cooling liquid.

Other collars might be developed in newer times if the need arises. But for now, these are the collars in existence. Hopefully, you won’t need them all. Lol!
About the Author

About the Author

Ifechi is a researcher into all things dogs.

She happens to be a featured writer on dogproductsguide.com. You can check out her other works there.

When she is not writing, she is researching. And when she it isn’t about dogs, it is about human learning.

 

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Natural Ways to Manage Your Pet’s Anxiety

Animals may suffer from anxiety for various different reasons, but you’ll likely notice certain behaviors if your pet feels nervous or uneasy. For instance, excessive panting or pacing may be a sign that your dog has anxiety, other characteristics like aggression, constant barking, or other destructive tendencies. Common domesticated animals like cats and dogs feel anxious over being left alone, too many people around, and loud noises.

Different Types of Stressors

Separation Anxiety

The most common form of anxiety among household pets is their fear of separation. If your pet suffers from separation anxiety, he or she is more likely to break previous training sessions in response to being left alone. This could mean your pet has an accident inside while you are away, or destroys items that are left around as a way to keep him occupied. When pets are stressed, many resort to repetitive and calming actions as a way to relieve their anxiety. For dogs, they may chew a pair of shoes or dig into carpet, and cats tend to excessively groom or meow when stressed. The key to treating your pet’s separation anxiety is to notice when he or she acts differently, and what situations may indicate this stress. Dogs and cats tend to take their feelings out on items by chewing and clawing at them because they feel lonely and anxious when their owner is not around.

Cats

Cats have an affinity for clawing things,  making it difficult to leave them alone without fear that your furniture falls victim to scratch marks. It’s necessary for cat owners to offer attractive and appropriate scratching posts that intrigue their pet and allow him to release energy properly.  In an effort to stop cats from scratching, some owners declaw their cats, creating even more destructive behavior and takes away the cat’s ability to perform instinctual habits.

Dogs

Dogs tend to be more social, and they begin to worry when left alone for long periods of time. It’s a stressful time for your dog as he wonders if or when, their owner will return—remember, our pets don’t have the same sense of time as humans do. To satisfy your dog’s natural instincts and exercise their jaws, leave a toy out while you’re away in order to prevent other objects (that aren’t meant for destruction) from becoming his next chew toy.

Anxiety Around Crowds

Some pets may not be stressed when left alone, but instead, have anxiety when they are surrounded by a lot of people or other animals. This type of stress is a bit more alarming, since dogs or cats may act aggressively out of fear when they feel uncomfortable in a situation. This is often referred to as a form of social anxiety in animals and may be caused by a lack of socialization when a pet is younger. For instance, cats that aren’t exposed to other felines while they are still young might have trouble interacting with other cats when they are adults.

Additionally, dogs that haven’t been well socialized may be fearful when they see other dogs or unfamiliar people. If you notice that your pet is uncomfortable, you should remove him from the situation and give him some time to calm down. Many people try to help animals get over their fears by putting them in a social setting, in an effort to get them acquainted with other pets and people. However, this may not be the best practice, as it overstimulates your pet depending on how anxious he is around other animals and humans. You should only expose your pet to a stressful stimulus slowly, and carefully, over a period of time to desensitize him to that environment.

Anxiety Related to Noise

Loud sounds, like fireworks, thunderstorms, or even vacuum cleaners cause some pets to feel threatened or frightened in their own home. As a reaction to their anxiety, your pet may run and hide when spooked by a loud noise, or they may tremor, shake, or pace if the sound continues for a period of time. This is particularly difficult to handle if your pet becomes alarmed while on a walk, or outside of their standard setting. It’s not entirely clear what causes an animal’s fear of loud noises, but it’s best to avoid situations with your pet if you anticipate that loud sounds may be present.

What You Can Do to Alleviate Your Pet’s Anxiety

There are medications that a veterinarian will prescribe to an animal for anxiety reduction, but more natural alternatives are available that you might like to consider trying first.

Exercise

When it comes to anxiety, one of the best things to do for your pet is allow him or her to burn off energy. This is especially true for dogs, as they may be more prone to act out if they aren’t getting enough exercise. When humans engage in physical activity, their bodies release endorphins that are natural painkillers, which also alleviate stress and improve mood. The same is true for canines and felines, so when your pet is properly exercised, Fido is less likely to display symptoms of anxiety.

Mental Stimulation

Just like it’s important to exercise your pet, it’s also necessary to keep him mentally stimulated in various ways. One of the best methods to keep a dog engaged is by teaching him new tricks or commands. During this interaction time, it creates a bond with your pet while simultaneously training him and helps him understand your relationship to one another. For cats, these pets are filled with curiosity and love playing with new toys, or mimicking a hunt for food to appease their natural predatory instincts.

Health Supplements

For some pets, it may take more than proper exercise and attention to calm their anxiety. Natural dietary supplements are one option that provides stress relief and promote a functional nervous system. TranQuil tabs and chews can be given to your pet to enhance calm feelings with the use of ingredients like chamomile and passionflower. Other supplements, like CBD oil for pets, can also offer anti-anxiety benefits. Just make sure you are thoroughly researching any product before introducing it into your pet’s diet, and you may want to consult a vet for guidance.

Anti Anxiety Shirts

These garments have become increasingly popular among pet owners, mainly because they offer a drug-free alternative to aid in your pet’s anxiety. Anti-anxiety shirts wrap tightly around your pet, whether a dog or cat, to calm him by targeting pressure points along his back and sides. The gentle pressure that these shirts produce also release endorphins that improve your pet’s overall well-being.

Establish a Routine

For both dogs and cats, having a stable routine helps relieve some of their stress. Having a set schedule gives your pet a better understanding of when to expect you home, or when to expect to be fed or exercised. This works well in managing separation anxiety, as animals tend to be less anxious when they know their owner is coming back, even though they may be gone for the time being. A routine gives your pet structure in his life that allows for a more relaxed and secure disposition in various settings.

Crate Training

When implemented properly, crate training benefits animals that may otherwise feel stressed by travel or separation. Cats are not often kept in a crate while their owners are away, but this is a common strategy for many dog owners. Crate training allows for a dog to feel secure in his own personal space, a place to retreat to when stressed or anxious. However, it is important to remember that no animal is meant to be left in a crate for an extended period of time. If you plan for your dog to remain in his crate for hours at a time, you should also plan to walk or exercise your dog within a reasonable time frame.

Dealing with Your Pet’s Anxiety

As a whole, anxiety causes many hardships for pet owners that only want the best for their furry friend. The helpful methods outlined above are beneficial in order to manage your pet’s stress, and they are all natural alternatives to harsh medications. Although, you can always seek guidance from a veterinarian or behaviorist specialist if you are concerned about your pet’s anxiety. Also, spending quality time  with your pet is the best way to foster a sense of companionship between you. When your pet feels confident in his caretaker, he’ll be less likely to feel stressed or anxious about other things.

About the Author

Melena is a staff writer for Remedy Review, where she aims to advance the well-being of people by informing readers about the natural health space.

 

 

 

 

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8 Tips for Training a Stubborn Dog

Whether it’s a new puppy or the stubborn old dog that’s been in the family for years, training can be frustrating.

Although you may want to pull your hair out when you come home to an accident or your favorite pair of shoes torn to shreds, consider this:

Just like we need time to settle into a new environment, so does our pup. Does that mean they won’t chew up the couch or pee on the floor in the meantime? No. But as their owner, it’s important to be patient as they get accustomed to their new home.

When your pet doesn’t obey commands, more often than not, it’s not because he is untrainable. The fact of the matter is, your dog is an animal. He doesn’t instinctively understand or conform to human manners. Teaching your pup “good”, or to put it another way, your standard of behavior can take time and effort.

However, this doesn’t mean you need to completely overhaul your training regime. For some dogs, even the smallest adjustment in your training program can help your dog make strides in behavior improvement.

If you are having a tough time reigning in your pup’s out-of-control behavior, take a look at these eight steps for training a seemingly untrainable dog:

1.Be patient

First thing’s first: Understand your dog needs training. They will not arrive home and magically know the boundaries or rules of the house. It would be unrealistic and completely unfair of you to assume your dog’s behavior can shift in a day or a week.

If you stay patient and understand that your dog will need a few weeks to learn your rules, the process will be less frustrating for both of you.

2. Take it slow

Which brings me to step two: take it slow. Even once you do start training, good behavior doesn’t develop overnight.

Start by working on familiar behaviors. Another tip is to create a positive association with training by giving rewards for even the slightest improvement. For example, you can reward your pup with their favorite treat or a gentle belly scratch to show them they are behaving correctly. Once they realize training is a good thing, take small steps. Focus on one behavior at a time.

Some good, basic behaviors to start with include “come,” “sit,” “stay,” and “leave it” commands.

3. Consistency is key

Without consistency in training, it’s easy for your dog to get confused. In fact, you might be mistaking your dog’s confusion for stubbornness. You can’t have some members of the household reinforcing behavior while others are correcting it.

For example, take teaching your dog to sit when visitors come to the door, when someone arrives at the door, make sure your kids aren’t encouraging the dog to jump up the second the individual walks through the door.

You’ll also want to make sure the members of your household aren’t asking for the same behavior in different ways. When you begin training, get everyone on the same page about which behaviors you are working on and then establish consistent cues, commands, and rewards for those behaviors. Then repeat, repeat, repeat!

4. Control the environment

Set your pup up for success by beginning training in a calm environment.

Begin training inside in a space free from distractions so your dog can stay focused. Rid the room of toys, certain sounds, and other people. Once they have mastered a command, you can add a distraction back in like the TV or another person. You may even take the training session outside to the yard or back porch.

You’ll know you are making progress when your pup notices a distraction but isn’t consumed by it.

5. Avoid Punishment

Rather than using punishment to enforce a behavior, consider using positive reinforcement.

In the process of conditioning your pet, using positive reinforcement after every good behavior that they exemplify reinforces their action and makes it more likely that the command will occur again in the future. When a favorable outcome, event, or reward occurs after the desired behavior, that particular response will be strengthened.

On the flipside, punishment decreases a behavior. In pets, punishment can increase anxiety and diminish trust. In fact, in the long term, punishment can actually lead to more aggression.

Consider positively reinforcing your pet with a treat or reward when they behave correctly, rather than punishing them when they behave incorrectly. This will build trust, strengthen positive behavior, and give them confidence over anxiety.

6. Make Training a Habit

Training is not a once a day event. In fact, it’s far from it. You should make training part of you and your dog’s daily routine. In order to see the most success while training, work on desired and behaviors throughout the day and as opportunities arise. This can be as simple as asking your dog for a specific desired action, such as a “sit” or “down,” and rewarding his success with treats, play, or petting.

7. Set boundaries

Boundary training is considered an intermediate level behavior and is a key part of your training regime, whether it’s restricting certain areas of the household or your outdoor garden.

Unlike using treats on basic command training, the goal here is to make your dog understand and respect the boundaries you have defined.

First, decide what areas will be off limits and temporarily barricade them. Perhaps this is the dining room with your nice china, the nursery, or your bedroom so your dog doesn’t try and sleep with you. Restricting access early on promotes a higher chance of success down the road once barriers are removed.

Next, help your pup understand the limits. Let them loose and see if they understand what the boundaries are. Use positive reinforcement whenever the boundaries are respected.

8. Ask for help

If training just isn’t working or your dog is showing signs of aggression or fear, don’t be afraid to call in the pros. An expert’s opinion and guidance can prove very valuable for both you and your pet. Ask your vet for trainer referrals.

About the Author
Lisa is a freelance writer from Raleigh, NC that has suffered from anxiety and insomnia since her teenage years. Due to her condition, she is passionate about educating on the importance of sleep health and how pets can help ease anxiety. When she isn’t writing, you can find her practicing yoga or working on mastering a new recipe to try!

 

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Tariffs Effect Terriers! (And Maybe Your Pet Too)

Imported pet products are about to cost more than domestic.

China has earned itself a reputation for less than quality goods. Pet toys and treats are no exception to their ill repute. The fact is, China makes a lot of stuff for our pets, and with their reasonable prices, we buy them without much dispute. However, it’s easy to blame a country when a product goes bad or hurts our furry loved ones.

Truth is, the US company that imported the items should have done their due diligence before importing and holds just as much responsibility as the Chinese manufacturer. Let’s not forget that American companies have had their fair share of shady business practices that have lead our furbabies to the same fate in the past. (Petfood Recalls)

In order to decrease the strain of some of China’s unfair policies and practices on US businesses, the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) recently announced a new round of tariffs on Chinese imports. Applying toward goods produced in China and imported to the United States. USTR Press Release

Starting September 24th 2018 – 10% Tariffs
then
Starting January 1st 2019 – 25% Tariffs

According to pet our importers and various pet vendors that HealthyPets has relationships with, some are going to be absorbing part of the tariff increase and others are passing the pricing along.

HealthyPets predicts that in the coming year we will see more US made pet products and fewer pet products from China. We haven’t heard about other countries boosting their pet product imports to the US.

One other thing we can predict though, we will have to start paying more for toys and treats.

Pricing is still a major factor in what we buy, so manufacturers and importers will find a way to make the pet products for our cattos and doggos at reasonable prices. HealthyPets will continue to provide the best pricing and deals from all of our vendors directly to you by buying in bulk and skipping levels of distribution, passing the savings to you.

What do you think about all this? On one hand, we think more US made products will be bought, on the other hand, we may end up spending a lot more or just buying less. Will our fubabies/featherbabies/reptibabies be stay safe from questionable quality?

Written by Jesse a HealthyPets staff member who loves all animals, is a licensed falconer, you can follow him and his animals on his instagram.

What Role Does Diet Play in Dog Dental and Oral Health?

There are specific factors you need to watch for in your dog’s food in order to keep their oral and dental routine as healthy as possible.

“Your dog’s diet plays an important role in his oral and dental health. Just like humans, dogs require a certain degree of care to keep their teeth in tip-top shape. If you consume sugary, processed foods and forgo brushing, you can expect your teeth to suffer for it. And the same holds true for your four-legged companion. That’s why pet owners are encouraged to do a little research on the various dietary products that are available.” In this article by Dr. James Anthony, you will learn what to watch out for in your dog’s food to keep their oral health in check. Click here to read the full article.

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A Healthy Dental Routine for Your Dog

A dog’s dental health is very important for many reasons and not just to keep their mouth and teeth healthy. If a dog has any kind of tooth or gum problem the resulting bacteria could potentially pass into his bloodstream and affect his organs, so good oral health is vital.

However, it is not easy to set about brushing a dog’s teeth every day and it’s also not always possible to know when a dog has teeth or gum problems as he can’t tell you, but the pain and resulting stress will have an impact on his overall health.

So it’s vital to create a healthy dental regime for your dog and to take all possible measures and precautions to ensure good oral health.

Our friends from Time for Paws gave us tips and examples of things you can introduce into your dog’s dental routine:

1.Make sure there is dry food available

While wet food and meat is most likely your dog’s regular daily diet, make sure there is always dry food available in the form of tasty dog biscuits and kibble, for him to choose as well. Keeping a bowl of dry food always available will encourage him to eat some daily.

Biting on dry food will help to scrape plaque and debris from your dog’s teeth and help to keep his mouth healthier than just consuming sticky wet food all the time which can get trapped between teeth and lead to bacteria build-up.

2. Look for dental-friendly treats

It’s nice to give your pet treats every now and then but why not help improve his oral hygiene at the same time by only buying dental-friendly treats. Make sure the treat is big enough to require chewing, to get the full benefit for their teeth and gums.

Look out for treats that are oral health friendly and list recommendations from oral health associations. Make sure that the chews or treats are suitable for the size of dog you have – if they are tiny treats then a big dog will most likely just swallow them whole, losing the benefit.

3. Give him bones

There is nothing else a dog will enjoy more than being able to chew on a raw and natural bone – but as an added bonus, it will also help to remove dirt and bacteria from his teeth at the same time so a happy dog all around.

Go for a marrow bone because it is softer on your dog’s teeth – never give cooked bones as they can break and become a safety problem. Always monitor your dog as he chews and take it away when it is chewed small enough to become a choking danger.

4. Provide synthetic chew toys

Another option, particularly for younger dogs, is to provide them with a synthetic chew toy such as a rubber bone or nylon chew toy. They provide the same dental benefits without the extra calories for your dog. Make sure they are flexible and have a rough surface. You can try different kinds of toys to see which one your dog prefers.

While your dog will like to keep his chew toy near him, it will require periodic checks to make sure it’s not getting too worn out or if it has been punctured and could become a choking hazard. If you spot any issues it’s time to take it away and replace it. You should also wash their chew toys regularly with soap and water to make sure it’s hygienic.

5. Try brushing just a few teeth at a time

If you are trying to get your dog used to teeth cleaning, then take your time and get him used to the attention and what is going to happen. Keep him calm and just brush a few teeth at a time each day, making sure you complete his mouth within a few days. Don’t try to do his whole mouth if he starts to get distressed.

Eventually, he will know what to expect and you will be able to complete the job in one go, but it will take time for him to get used to it. Give him lots of praise and fuss after every tooth brushing session and make it something he will look forward to.

6. Get him used to you handling his mouth

Don’t make your dog dread tooth-brushing time – get him used to you handling his mouth regularly so it becomes normal. Check his teeth just using your fingers so he gets used to the feel and give him lots of praise every time.

It will get him used to you touching his muzzle and teeth but will also give you more of an opportunity to spot any potential problems which may arise and might require action from the vet dental specialist.

7. Use dental pads

If you can’t use a brush with your dog then try using dental pads which you can use to rub on your dog’s gums and teeth to help keep them clean and reduce the build-up of plaque. As a bonus, these often come with a scent to freshen breath.

To get your dog used to teeth brushing you could always try using the pads first, and then move towards wrapping one around your finger and rubbing his teeth and gums with it. Always stop any type of cleaning if your dog starts to get uncomfortable or upset.

8. Have regular dental checks

If your dog is not happy with having his teeth brushed then it makes sense to have regular appointments with a dental vet for him, just to make sure there are no problems, and to pick up on any issues before they start to cause him pain.

They can thoroughly examine your dog’s teeth on a regular basis and let you know if any teeth look like they need removing or working on. It can also help with your pet insurance if you take him to regular check-ups.

9. Watch out for signs of teeth problems

While your dog can’t tell you if he is in pain there are signs to look out for which might indicate a tooth problem. If your dog stops eating but seems hungry it could be that his mouth is hurting him when he tries to eat. Or if he starts eating with his head tilted to one side, he could be avoiding chewing on the side that hurts.

Also if he is quieter than normal and hiding away, it could be a sign of pain and distress and we all know how painful a toothache can be, so if you do suspect there might be something wrong with your dog’s teeth then you should take him straight to the vet.

close-up of a vet cleaning dog’s teeth with toothbrush

10. Get his teeth cleaned regularly

As well as going to the dental vet for check-ups you should make sure his teeth are also professionally cleaned on a regular basis, to help prevent the build-up of tartar and plaque on them.

The professional clean will also highlight any problem areas and will leave you with the peace of mind of knowing that your dog’s mouth is healthy for the next few months until you go back for the next cleaning appointment.

11. Get doggy dental insurance

Make sure your pet insurance covers routine and non-routine dental work for your dog because if he does need a tooth extracting it can become a very costly procedure due to the amount of work involved.

So check that your insurance is up-to-date and includes all aspects of oral hygiene for your beloved pet so you don’t end up with an unexpected and nasty bill as the result of emergency dental treatment for him.

Wrap UP

While it might not be easy to brush your dog’s teeth regularly there are plenty of other things you can do to help improve his oral health, so by offering dry food as an option daily and providing chew toys, you will go a long way to reducing plaque build-up on his teeth.

Using only dental-friendly treats for him and trying to clean around his teeth and gums with dental wipes, will all go some way to help keep nasty bacteria out of his mouth which could otherwise cause him all kinds of health problems potentially.

Ultimately, taking him for regular check-ups with a veterinary dentist where his teeth can be professionally cleaned will also help to keep tabs on his oral health as they can spot any problems and address them before they start to cause pain. Make sure you have insurance to pay for this treatment.

Looking after your dog’s teeth is an important part of his overall health regime and shouldn’t be left to chance. Bacteria from bad teeth and gums don’t just cause bad breath – they can also travel to other parts of the body and infect serious organs like the liver and kidneys – so not looking after your dog’s teeth could create severe health problems further down the line.

 

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The Dos and Don’ts of Taking Your Dog to Work 

The verdict is in: Taking your dog to work is officially a good idea — not just for you but for your good boy, too. You don’t have to worry about your pup home alone, bored and possibly on the prowl for things to chew up. It improves employee morale and performance and reduces separation anxiety (for both owner and pet). So once the why of it is resolved, you’re left with the how. Namely, how to behave? How to be a good employee with your dog? How to make sure it’s the best experience for both you and your dog?

Dos

Follow the Rules

Most workplaces have a guideline for pets at work. Make sure you follow that guideline to a T. The rules are in place for a reason, and even if you think your dog doesn’t need to be held to certain rules, it’s still not okay to break them. Breaking the rules could make your work rethink letting dogs in, and you don’t want to be the guy who ruins it for everyone

Shots

Make sure your dog is updated on shots, including the kinds of shots required for boarding since your dog won’t be the only one there. Your city and state will have different requirements for dogs when it comes to issues like rabies and canine distemper. Workplaces can have stricter requirements. Some workplaces insist on the dog flu vaccination, and while canine flu outbreaks are still somewhat rare, taking extra precautions is always a good thing. After all, if your dog is going to be at work, chances are other dogs will be too. It’s important that every dog is protected at the office.

Training

Stay on top of obedience training. One of the best things about having your dog at work is not having to worry about the kinds of things he’s getting into at home. There are all kinds of ways dogs can get hurt when left alone; dogs who live in apartments, for example, can fall off balconies, eat houseplants, get entangled in cabinets, and have accidents without a place to relieve themselves.

In a workplace environment, however, training becomes even more important. You don’t want to be a disruption, so make sure your dog responds to commands. Toilet training is a must (though any company that allows dogs will understand accidents).

Clean Up After Your Dog

Accidents do happen. Nobody expects that all dogs will be perfect. As long as your dog is housebroken, the occasional accident isn’t a dealbreaker. Your behavior in the aftermath of the accident might be. It’s important that any time your dog urinates or defecates indoors it is cleaned up as fast as possible.

Likewise, when it is time for your dog to go outside, make sure that you pick up after him. It’s the polite, appropriate thing to do. No one else should have to pick up after your dog.

Good Citizens

Your dog’s presence in the workplace should be a positive one. It’s important that he gets along with other people and other dogs. A friendly temperament is a requirement for making your co-workers comfortable and happy. And it frees up your time from having to micromanage every interaction your dog has. At any sign of aggression, you should resolve to leave your pup at home.

Respect that some people might not be dog fans. Your dog might be the cutest thing on the planet to most, but for people who have allergies or a bad experience with a dog in their past, your dog is not the ticket to curing a fear of dogs. And as inexplicable as it seems, some people just don’t care for dogs. Their feelings should be respected, especially when they just want to get their work done.

Dog-Proof Your Work Area

Pups have a wonderful ability to get into trouble in the name of entertaining themselves. Things that can pass as chew toys: cables, your desk, and your chair — make sure that nothing is lying around or accessible that can cause your dog harm, especially if it’s necessary for you to get your job done. And you want to leave your workspace as you found it, not scarred by a visit from your dog.

Bring Your Dog’s Stuff

In the same vein, you want to make sure your dog is adequately distracted and occupied while you work, so you can stay productive. Bring your dog’s toys, treats, bedding, or anything else he needs to keep him happy, comfy, and calm enough so you can get work done. If he tends to roam, maybe invest in a baby gate to close off your cubicle, a playpen-like gate, or just keep him leashed. Don’t forget bags to pick up after him.

Walk Your Dog First

It’s a good idea to take your dog on a decent walk before going into work. That’ll help get past the morning excitement, and help manage your pup’s energy levels. Have a husky or another high-energy breed of dog? Maybe go for a run. After all, a new place with new people (not to mention other dogs) is probably going to be exciting enough. An early morning walk should help burn off some energy and get the both of you prepared for a great day ahead.

Get Gussied Up

You like to look your best at the office, and your dog should too. You want your dog to be clean and bathed. Brush him out to help him look his best (and combat shedding as much as is possible). Give your pup’s claws a check to make sure they’re okay; if not, get them trimmed. Other than that, whatever works for you and your dog, go for it! Take him to get groomed. Like to put your pup in a bow tie or pajamas? Do it. Your dog can also dress for (your) success.

Pick Your Day Wisely

Not all work days are created equal. Is maintenance painting the conference room that day? Is your work throwing a holiday party, complete with chocolate treats everywhere? Do you have a day full of back-to-back meetings? Are you pushed up against a deadline with not a minute to spare? Not all work days are created equal, and not every day is made for your dog. Be sure that the days you choose to bring your dog in are good days to handle extra distractions, even if your good boy’s distractions are minimal.

Give Yourself an Escape Plan If Things Go Wrong

If, despite all your careful planning, things don’t go according to plan, make sure to have a way to pop home and drop off your dog. You don’t want to be trapped all day in a bad situation. Talk to your boss ahead of time to let them know that you might need an out; they’ll probably have a suggestion.

Don’ts

The don’ts are every bit as important as the dos. You want to make sure to keep away from a few specific behaviors to keep your dog healthy and happy (as well as your co-workers and their dogs).

Don’t make it into a circus. You’re there to work, after all. If minding your dog gets in the way of productivity, or if your dog is more disruptive than you thought he’d be, maybe your dog isn’t right for your workplace.

Don’t let your dog on the furniture without verifying it’s okay first. Your dog might be a small, adorable lap dog, but not everyone wants your perfectly behaved and groomed pup on the furniture. Check in with whoever organizes dogs in the office to see what’s acceptable and what isn’t.

Don’t let them wander without supervision. Your dog might be really well behaved, but you don’t know what they could stumble into, or if they’ll try to interact with someone who wants to be left alone. Plus they might decide to eat something off the floor, and that rarely goes well.

Don’t bring your pup in if he’s sick. Chances are, if you’re bringing in your dog, your co-workers can bring in theirs, too. You don’t want to expose their dogs to whatever your dog has. A sick dog might not make for the best companionship, either. It’s best to let them stay home and rest — or take the day off to take them to the vet.

Don’t neglect your dog’s schedule. You might have an important lunch meeting, but your dog has needs too — namely, walks outside to stretch his legs and use the bathroom. Make sure to plan around your schedule to meet your dog’s needs. You don’t want to interrupt your important meetings to take the dog outside, after all.

Don’t forget to have fun. The whole point of bringing your dog is to enjoy the day and reap the benefits of having your pettable best pal around. Dogs lift your mood, so make sure to apply that better mood to your work. Smile, be happy, and give your dog the affection he deserves for being such a great, work-friendly companion.

About the Author

Frankie Wallace writes about a wide variety of different topics, from environmental issues to politics. Wallace currently resides in Boise, Idaho.

 

 

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What’s the Difference Between Gingivitis and Stomatitis in Dogs

It’s important to be aware of your pet’s dental health. There are millions of bacteria that exist in your dog’s mouth and if not cared for properly, periodontal diseases like gingivitis and stomatitis can occur. 

“Gingivitis and stomatitis are both inflammatory conditions that can affect your dog’s oral health. These two conditions are often mixed up or assumed to be the same disease by dog owners, as they can present in similar ways. Although both gingivitis and stomatitis can be present in dogs, their nature is quite different, and it is important that dog owners know this.” In this article by Dr. James Anthony, you will learn what to signs to watch out for in order to avoid these oral diseases. Click here to read the full article.

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Best Way To Pull Out Ticks From Your Pet

Ticks are small external parasites that live by feeding on the blood of cats, dogs, and other mammals. They’re found in long grass where they bite to attach themselves to feed. And they can carry a range of infectious diseases.

Ticks and Risks

The tick itself has eight legs and is closely related to the spider. They’re found worldwide and can adapt to many climates. A female tick can lay up to 3,000 eggs, and they only breed while they’re feeding.
As soon as the tick is latched on it starts to drink blood. At the same time digestive fluids from the tick enter the host’s bloodstream carrying a number of infectious diseases.
Ticks will dry out and die quickly in an environment with low humidity. Moist fur will allow the ticks to survive for two to three days. Longer still if they’ve recently fed.

Common Diseases

The most common illnesses caused by biting ticks are Lyme Disease, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and babesiosis. Diseases can spread within six hours after a bite occurs so the ticks need to be removed as swiftly as possible.

Lyme Disease

Cats are rarely affected probably due to persistent grooming. Dogs, when bitten by this deer or black-legged tick will experience lameness, arthritis, joint swelling, and fever. In extreme cases, it can result in fatal kidney failure. This is known as protein-losing nephropathy and needs to be dealt with immediately.
If your dog has full-blown Lyme Disease it might not be treatable at this stage. You may need the help of a home visit end-of-life care vet. You’ll be able to get all the advice and support you need from trained professionals. And the right medications and treatment to ensure any unnecessary suffering.

Ehrlichiosis

This disease transmitted by the brown dog tick passes an organism into the blood when it bites. The three stages – acute which leads to fever and bone marrow suppression. The subclinical phase where your dog remains infected. And the chronic phase which induces bacterial infection, bleeding, and possible kidney disease that can be fatal.
There are treatment options which include doxycycline, tetracycline, and minocycline. These have to be given for at least four weeks after confirmation of any antibody tests. There aren’t any vaccines available to prevent this disease, so year-round tick repellents, regular checks, and proper tick removal are essential.

Babesiosis

This diseased state is caused by a bite from the black-legged tick. There’s an incubation period of about two weeks, and symptoms may not be diagnosed for many months. The red blood cells become infected and result in immune deficiencies. This can lead to jaundice and anemia.
Treatments include anti-infective agents that can be administered intravenously, or by pentamidine isethionate – a drug developed to treat pneumonia. As this infection is quite difficult to combat, a combination of drugs may be used.

Anaplasmosis

Anaplasmosis, also from the black-legged tick, may cause your dog to exhibit signs of high fever, lethargy, vomiting, and diarrhea. If your vet suspects this type of infection, blood and urine tests will be carried out, and antibiotics will be administered. Symptoms should resolve within a few days, but in severe cases, your pet may need alternative medication or hospitalization.

Where to Look for Ticks

Searching your pet for ticks should cover the following body areas:

● The front of the neck and chin
● Between toes and on feet pads
● Inside and on top of the ears
● Face and the top of the head
● Stomach, chest, and tail
● Armpits and groin

Signs Your Dog Has Ticks

Even if you brush your pet every day you may still miss a tick. If you use a year-round preventative medication from your vet this will ensure your pet is protected. However, it’s a good idea to know the warning signs if you think your pet may have ticks:

● A tick in your house indicates it’s been bought inside by your pet. Do a thorough fur inspection to eliminate any fears.
● A small bump on your pet’s head can be a tell-tale sign of a tick. Part the fur with a hairdryer to get a better look.
● Head shaking can be another symptom. Use the torch to look inside the ears as ticks enjoy warm, damp places such as ear canals.
● Biting a tick site can indicate a tick embedded in the skin. Look for scabs if your pet is chewing and nipping in a particular area.
● Fever, loss of appetite, and muscle weakness can all be signs of illness following a tick bite. Vomiting, coughing, and breathing difficulties should all be taken very seriously. If you’re at all concerned you must visit your vet.

When A Tick Is Found

With many different types of ticks around it’s important to know how to deal with them if you find them on your four-legged friend. See the best way to pull out ticks from your pet here…

Get Ready

Getting rid of the ticks quickly is the sure way to prevent a deadly disease. Preparation is the key. Make sure you’ve got all of the following equipment needed before you start:

● Latex gloves
● Tick removal gadget or pointed end tweezers
● Rubbing alcohol
● Container with lid
● Antiseptic pet wipes or spray

The Tick Removal Process

In order to avoid any infection entering your bloodstream through a cut or scrape you’ll need to wear the protective gloves. Try and keep your pet calm – you may need another pair of hands to hold them still. With the tweezers, grasp the tick as close as you can to the skin of your pet without pinching.
Don’t twist the tick as this may leave the mouthparts behind. Use a steady, straight motion to pull the tick out. Inspect the tick to make sure the head and mouth are still attached. Then you can kill it by putting it into the container of rubbing alcohol. You may wish to keep it as evidence to show your vet if your pet becomes ill.
Follow up by disinfecting the bite area with a pet antiseptic spray or wipe. Keep an eye on the site for a few days to make sure it doesn’t become swollen or infected. Wash your hands thoroughly and disinfect or discard all the tools you’ve used.

If the Head of the Tick Gets Stuck

When the mouthparts of the tick get left in the skin the potential for disease transmission is low. Your pets’ body will eventually dissolve the foreign body. Don’t dig around trying to remove the remains as this can increase the risk of infection.
Apply an antibiotic ointment and keep an eye on the area for a rash or other form of irritation. If you become worried, make an appointment with your vet.

You Must Avoid

● Removing ticks with your fingers without gloves
● Squashing or crushing the tick as this increases the risk of infection
● Putting substances such as nail polish to suffocate it as this cause the tick to vomit into your dog
● Disposing of the tick in the bin as they can crawl back out

Your Skin Tick Removal

Don’t panic if a tick attaches to you. You can follow the same procedure as you have done with your pet:

● Use the tweezers to grip the tick as close as possible to the surface of the skin
● With an even pressure pull upwards without twisting
● Clean the area thoroughly with the rubbing alcohol or an anti-bacterial cleanser
● Get rid of the tick by placing it in a sealed container of rubbing alcohol

vet applying ticks, lice and mites control medicine on poodle dog with long fur

Hints and Tips

Prevention is the key. To avoid any side effects from powerful toxic chemical preventatives, you could try natural solutions. These include dietary options of garlic and apple cider vinegar. And you can use herbal tick powders or sprays that you can easily make yourself:

● If you mix two tablespoons of almond oil with two drops of rose geranium essential oil, this can be applied to a dog collar. You can keep this up weekly to repel ticks
● Tick shampoos made from Palo Santo essential oil and organic fragranced shampoos can be massaged into fur and left for about 20 minutes before rinsing. This will kill any existing ticks and discourage others.
● You can carefully spray a citrus repellent behind your dog’s ears and around his head and tail. A simple mix of lemon pieces covered with boiling water and left overnight to cool will give great results.
● Fine powders such as Diatomaceous Earth can be sprinkled onto fur to get into the body of the tick, causing them to die from dehydration. You need to be careful to avoid contact with your dogs eyes, nose, and mouth.

Remember to keep your home environment a tick-free zone by keeping your grass cut to below ankle height. Make sure any rubbish bags are tied securely to prevent rodents that carry ticks coming onto your property. Try to avoid long grasses where ticks are common when you go walking with your dog. Stay on the paths and keep your dog with you. And always do a tick check when you get home.

About the Author

Lisbet Stuer-Lauridsen

Lisbet is the Managing Director at Cloud 9 Vets. Cloud 9 Vets focuses exclusively on end of life care, making sure your pets are enjoying life to their full potential. Their quality of life consultations can give great comfort both to your pet and to you and your family. If your pet is at the very end of its life, they work with dignity and respect to ensure that any goodbye is done under your conditions in your own home at a convenient for you time.

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